Electricians assemble, test, and repair electrical systems. The main job of an Electrician is to solve different problems involving several variables and restrictions.
These workers are generally self-employed, but can also be employed by electrical or construction companies, or by maintenance departments of buildings and other establishments.
Electricians are often called upon to travel quickly to make repairs in the event of electrical failures. This explains why most of them must be easily reachable by phone.
Below is a non-exhaustive list of the recurring assignments that Electricians must perform.
- Read, interpret and design electrical schematics and any other technical drawing including electrical specifications.
- Determine the layout and location of wiring and electrical components already in place or to be installed.
- Assemble, install or repair any system (lighting, control, or electricity distribution) or electrical component (cables, relays, and resistors, for example) in a safe, efficient and ecological manner:
- Join and connect cables to devices and components of electrical circuits;
- Install or remove electrical conduits and cables, passing them through walls, ceilings, or floors, when necessary;
- Design and install control panels and check the condition of the connections made;
- Install or repair any audiovisual equipment and any heating and air conditioning equipment.
- Test electrical and electronic systems to identify problems, replace or repair faulty components, if applicable:
- Follow pre-established troubleshooting sequences, such as checking that the equipment is properly connected, always referring to technical drawings, and comparing your observations;
- Make sure that the wiring and connections do not contain faulty components that could have dangerous and damaging repercussions.
- Perform preventive maintenance and take note of any observations, alterations, and recommendations:
- Test the voltage, amperage, and resistance of electrical and electronic components using appropriate measuring tools (such as voltmeters and ammeters) to ensure they are safe and compatible with existing systems.
- Assist the Site Supervisors in their duties, by helping them coordinate site activities:
- Share its expertise and propose appropriate solutions to any electrical problem, from design to installation;
- Make sure that all maintenance operations comply with applicable regulations and practices.
- Prepare quotes:
- Analyze, collect, calculate and compare a multitude of data.
- Install, maintain, test and repair a wide variety of electrical equipment, systems, and accessories.
- Prevent dangerous and damaging situations by performing numerous maintenance tests and applying a concrete solution to the problems encountered.
Skills and qualities required
- Interpersonal and communication skills:
- Express themselves clearly, both orally and in writing, in order to make communication with their clients and colleagues more efficient and transparent, by popularizing the jargon of the trade to make it more accessible, when that is necessary ;
- To have team spirit; be able to coordinate their work with that of production teams, promoting the smooth running of repair and maintenance activities;
- Discuss equipment and machinery breakdowns with the operators concerned, using technical terms and detailed explanations and giving clear instructions to prevent possible breakdowns.
- Sense of organization and good time management:
- Prioritize and plan missions so as to maximize the time dedicated to working;
- Perform several missions simultaneously, while being able to manage the pressure generated by a dynamic work environment.
- Analytical skills and problem-solving skills:
- Approach tasks in an ingenious and resourceful way;
- Provide an effective alternative solution to the defective components identified.
- Sense of initiative and autonomy:
- Demonstrate a strong interest in learning new skills;
- Ensure that all operations undertaken comply with the safety standards in force;
- Consult the documentation related to the preventive maintenance previously carried out to determine what type of work should be performed;
- Be creative and have the imagination to develop solutions that are as innovative as they are effective.
- Place great importance on the safety and cost control of all operations, as well as customer satisfaction:
- Prevent risks and accidents at work by wearing steel-toed boots, a mask or respirator, a helmet, glasses, as well as any personal protective equipment (PPE) necessary for the performance of their duties.
- Great manual dexterity and physical strength, as well as excellent gross motor skills and fine motor skills:
- Be skilled with his hands and work neat;
- Be able to move around the site and lift or transport objects that can weigh up to 18 kilos;
- Be able to use ladders and not feel dizzy.
The path to choose for anyone wishing to excel in this field consists of both on-the-job training and specialized courses, which is why any future Electrician first completes a training program at a recognized trade school. Electricians then take their first steps on the job market as Apprentice Electricians, having acquired between 1 to 4 years of experience in an industrial or commercial environment.
Most Electricians should also have a minimum of 2 to 5 years of experience in this industry or any related industry. This should have enabled them to acquire the necessary skills in maintenance, troubleshooting, and handling of technical equipment. In addition, most employers are looking for candidates who have completed Basic First Aid and First Aid training.
Several diplomas allow access to the profession of electrician: the Equipment Electrician Master Certificate ; or the Technological Bac or Professional Bac in electrical engineering, electrical energy, or industrial electricity.
Finally, it is important to know that Electricians generally work standing, and this for long hours. Their hours are sometimes extended outside normal office hours, during the weekend for example. Since they regularly need to move and transport their tools from one place of work to another, Electricians must also hold a valid driver’s license, be serious drivers and have a vehicle in good condition.
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